What followed over the next decade was a complex and multi-sided civil war in Republished from Office of the Historian, United States Department of State Article: The United States and the Haitian Revolution, 1791-1804 The French, Haitian and Russian Revolutions and their new ideas and ideologies Jacobinism and Bolshevism were such a threat and challenge that almost the entire old world was mobilisedagainst them to try and crush them, and just as the French revolutionary armies triumphed during the 1790s, and just as Trotsky built and led the Red Army to victory against the odds during the Russian Civil War, so Louverture built an army that could fight and defeat the far better equipped professional armies of Britain and Spain. after the United States became independent in 1783. The country has also suffered both natural and Western-ensured tragedies. This second task ultimately proved beyond Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Why does history aim to have Haitis rich and historic past completely overshadowed by its current unrest? Independent Black Country In The World